Louth, a maritime county in Leinster province, and the smallest in Ireland.
Boundaries : N., Armagh and Down ; E., the Irish Sea ; S., Meath ; W., Meath
and Monaghan. Greatest length, N. and S., 25 miles ; greatest breadth, E.
and W., 15 miles; comprising an area of 315 square miles, or 201,434 acres,
of which 178,972 are arable, 15,603 uncultivated, 5,318 in plantations, 728
in towns, and 813 under water. It is intersected by 466 miles of roads,
kept in repair by the Grand Jury Presentments, and 44 miles repaired by
turnpike trusts, besides other roads. On its N. coast Carlingford Bay
separates it from Down; on its S., the estuary of the Boyne from Meath ;
between both is the bay and harbour of Dundalk. The river Boyne, here
navigable, skirts the county on the S.
The surface is level or undulating, except on the N., where it is rugged and
mountainous; the subsoil is clay-slate and graywacke, and in a few districts
the mountain limestone ; the soil is fertile, except in the elevated tracts.
The number of acres under crops in 1850, was 114,002, viz.; - wheat, 17,952;
oats, 36,366 ; barley, bere, and rye, 17,610 ; peas and beans, 4,532 ;
potatoes, 11,098; turnips, 7,358 ; mangel-wurzel, carrots, parsnips, and
cabbage, 168 ; vetches and other green crops, 2,075 ; flax, 388; meadow and
clover, 15,955. Of plantations, there were, in 1841, 34 acres oak, 30 ash,
11 elm, 36 beech, 66 fir, 4,868 mixed timber, and 273 fruit, besides 218,736
detached trees, equivalent to 1,367 acres of plantation ; total, 6,685
The number of farms in 1841, above 1 acre each, was 7,917, on which there
was a stock of 10,623 horses and mules, 16,361 horned cattle, 19,295 sheep,
23,957 pigs, 132,900 head of poultry, and 746 asses, the estimated value of
all which was £146,569. In 1850, on 10,638 holdings there were 11,542
horses, 1,788 mules and asses, 28,788 cattle, 22,276 sheep, 16,224 pigs,
4,031 goats, 132,306 poultry.
Tillage is much practised; wheat, barley, oats, and green crops are raised;
the farms are well fenced and drained ; linen is manufactured.
The fishery district of Dundalk extends the whole line of coast from
Warrenpoint to Ballywater, comprising 52 miles of maritime boundaries, which
had in 1850, 209 registered fishing vessels, employing 1,376 men and boys.
The population in 1841 was 111,979 ; 96,479 in the rural, and 15,500
in the civic district. According to the Census of 1851 the total
population of the county was 91,045, being a decrease of 20,934. The
number of children attending public schools in 1841 was, in
rudimental schools, males 3,363, females 2,838 ; in superior schools, males
48, females 9 ; total, 6,249. In December, 1850, there were 79 national
schools in operation, attended by 11,215 children ; 5,597 males,
The county is divided into 6 baronies - Ardee, Drogheda, Lower and Upper
Dundalk, Ferrard, and Louth, and contains 64 parishes. The county is in
Armagh archdiocese, with a small portion in that of Meath. The principal
towns are Dundalk, population, in 1841, 10,782 ; Ardee, 3,679 ; and part of
Drogheda, 1,039 ; the remaining part containing 16,261 inhabitants,
being in the county of the town of Drogheda ; total population, 17,300. It
returns 3 members to Parliament ; 2 for the county at large,
constituency, under 13 and 14 Vict., c. 69, in 1851, 2,078 ; and 1 for
Dundalk borough, constituency, 267.
It is in the N.E. circuit ; the County Prison is at Dundalk, where the
Assizes are held ; committals thereto in 1850, 449 ; Quarter Sessions
there and at Ardee ; Petty Sessions in 10 places.
The County Infirmary is at Dundalk ; the District Lunatic Asylum, to which
the county is entitled to send 23 patients, is in Dublin. There is a Fever
Hospital in Drogheda, and 9 Dispensaries in the county.
Savings’ Banks, are established at Dundalk, Drogheda, and Ardee ; total
depositors in 1850, 2,140, amounting to £59,588.
The Union Workhouses are at Dundalk, Drogheda, and Ardee; the net annual
value of property rated to the poor in the county, is £309,560, and the
amount of property valued under the Act of 6 & 7 Wm. IV., cap.84, Drogheda
not included, amounts to £194,922.
The Grand Jury Presentments for 1851 amounted to £16,223.
A new Prison, on the separate system, is in course of erection, at a cost of
The county is partly within the military district of Dublin, and partly in
that of Belfast; there are Cavalry Barracks in Dundalk, and the staff of the
County Militia is stationed at Dunleer. The head-quarters of the
Constabulary force, consisting of 192 men, officers included, are at Dundalk
; those of the 5 districts, comprising 27 stations, at Dundalk, Ardee,
Carlingford, Dunleer, and Louth.
There is a Resident Magistrate at Dundalk.
Nine Coast-Guard stations, consisting of 4 officers and 50 men. There are
two newspapers published in Drogheda, the Drogheda Argus, and
Drogheda Conservative ; and in Dundalk the Newry Examiner and
The Democrat. See these Boroughs in Borough Directory.
Lieutenant, Rt. Hon. Lord BELLEW, Barmeath, in this county.
Custos Rotulorum, Right Hon. Earl of RODEN, K.ST.P., Tollymore Park,
Castlewellan, co. Down.
High Sheriff, (1851-52), Geo. RUXTON, esq., Rahanna, Ardee.
Members for the County – RICHARD MONTESQUIEU BELLEW, esq., D.L.,
Barmeath, Dunleer, in this county, and Brookes’s Club, London. – CHICHESTER
SAMUEL FORTESCUE, esq., D.L., Red House, Ardee, in this county, and
Brookes’s Club, London.
Balfour, Blayney Townley, Townley Hall, Drogheda
Belleew, Richard Montesquieu, M.P., Barmeath, Dunleer
Bellingham, Sir Alan Edward, bart., Castle, Castlebellingham
Chester, Henry, Cartown, Drogheda
Dease, Matthew O’Reilly, Nicholastown ; and 50, Lower Dominick-street,
Fitzgerald, Thomas, Fane Valley, Dundalk
Forster, Frederick John, Castlering, Louth
Fortescue, C. S., M.P., Red House, Ardee
Fortescue, Thomas, Ravensdale Park, Flurrybridge
Norman, Thomas Lee, Corballis, Ardee
O’Callaghan, Hugh, Culloville, Crossmaglen, and Rosemount, Booterstown
O’Reilly, Myles William, Knockabbey Castle, Louth
Taaffe, Myles, Smarmore, Ardee
John Finlay, esq., LL.D., 31, North Cumberland-street, Dublin
Balfour, Blayney T., D.L., Townley Hall, Drogheda
Balfour, Blayney, jun., Townley Hall, Drogheda
Bellingham, SirAlan E., bt., D.L., Castle, Castlebellingham
Bellingham, Alan O’Brien, Dunany House, Castlebellingham
Bigger, John James, Filmore Hall, Dundalk
Black, John, Annaskea, Dundalk
Caraher, James, Cardistown, Ardee
Carty, Thomas, Drogheda
Chester, Finlay, Stonehouse, Dunleer
Chester, Henry, D.L., Cartown, Drogheda
Cloncurry, Lord, Maretimo, Blackrock, Dublin
Delap, Robert, Monasterboice, Collon
De Verdon, Richard, Monksland House, Carlingford
Donagh, Francis, Newtown, Drogheda
Filgate, Thomas William, Arthurstown, Ardee
Filgate, William, Lisrenny, Ardee
Fitzgera1d, Thomas, D.L., Fane Valley, Dundalk
Forster, Sir George, bart., Coolderry, Carrickmacross
Fortescue, Chichester S., M.P., D.L., Red House, Ardee
Fortescue, Thomas, D.L., Ravensdale Park, Flurrybridge
Garstin, Rev. Anthony, Bragganstown, Castlebellingham
Hatch, William, Ardee Castle, Ardee
Jocelyn, Viscount, M.P., Tollymore Park, Castlewellan
M’Clntock, John, Drumcar, Dunleer
M’Clintock, John, jun., Oriel Temple, Collon
M‘Clintock, Samuel, Newtown House, Termonfeckin
M’Neale, Donald, Faughart, Dundalk
Milling, Nathaniel, Shanless, Ardee
Montgomery, Richard Thomas, Beaulieu, Drogheda
Moore, Hugh, Nootka Lodge, Carlingford
Murphy, John, Castletown, Dundalk
Norman, Thomas Lee, D.L. Corballis, Ardee
O’Callaghan, James, Priorland, Dundalk
O’Reilly, Myles Wm., D.L., Knockabbey Castle, Louth
Pentland, George Henry, Blackhall, Drogheda
Robinson, Sir John Stephen, bart,, Rokeby Hall, Dunleer
Rutherford, Archibald H., Ghau House, Carlingford
Ruxton, George, Rahana House, Ardee
Ruxton, William, Ardee House, Ardee
Singleton, Edward, Collon
Taaffe, Myles, D.L , Smarmore, Ardee
Tipping, Edward, Bellurgan Park, Dundalk
Tisdall, Lieut.-Col. Thomas, Charleville, Dunleer
Townley, John, Dundalk
Upton, Lewis, Glyde Court, Castlebellingham
French, Arthur, Dundalk
Clerk of the Crown, John Maher, esq., 8, Bachelor’s-walk, Dublin.
Deputy Clerk of the Crown, Thos. Bourne, esq., Dundalk
Clerk of the Peace, Thomas Bourne, esq., Dundalk
Crown Solicitor, Maxwell Hamilton, esq., 5, Kildare street, Dublin.
Crown Solicitor at Quarter Sessions,
Peter M’Evoy Gartland, esq.,
Mountbailie, Dundalk, and 63, Upper Dominick-street, Dublin.
Treasurer, John Straton, esq., Dundalk
Sec to the Grand Jury, Alex. Shekleton, esq., Dundalk.
County Surveyor, J. Neville, esq., C.E., M.R.I.A., Dundalk.
Sub Sheriff, Burton Brabazon, esq., Cartown, Drogheda.
Sheriff’s Returning Officer,
Joseph F. Booth, 159, Lower Gloucester
Coroners, Henry M. Blackwell, M.D., Dunleer; and John Byrne, esq.,
Agent for Lloyds, Sam. Jackson Turner, esq., Dundalk.
Head Distributer at Dundalk, George Russell, esq.
Ardee, W. S. Wade.
Carlingford, William Woodney.
Castlebellingham, Thomas Magrath.
BARONY CESS COLLECTORS
Ardee, Thos. Hardman, Salterstown, Castlebellingham.
Dundalk, lower, Michael M’Alister, Faughart; and Thomas Brown,
Dundalk, upper, John Kieran, Cullenstown, Castlebellingham
Louth, John Kieran, Cullenstown, Castlebellingham.
Colonel, Right Hon. Lord Bellew, Barmeath, Dunleer.
Massareene and Ferrard, Antrim Castle.
Major, J. M’Clintock, jun., Oriel Temple, Collon.
Adjutant, Captain Henry L. Pendleton.
County Inspector, James Battersby, esq, Dundalk.
Ardee, Murtagh O’Brien.
Carlingford, J. R. Croghan.
Dundalk, Edward Hill.
Dunleer, E. K. D’Arcy.
Louth, Samuel Duff.
Carlingford; Clogher Head; Cooley Point; Dunany Point ; Greenore; Giles’s
Quay; Omeath; Soldiers’ Point; Queensborough.
Inspectinq Officers, Lieut. Charles Servante, R.N., Carlingford;
Captain John Sibbald, R.N., Dundalk.
Tallanstown, alias Louth Hall
PETTY SESSIONS COURTS
Place where held, Day, and Name of Clerk.
Ardee, second Wednesday; William Wade.
Carlingford, second Saturday; John Carr.
Castlebellingham, second Tuesday; Joseph Russell.
Collon, second Thursday; James Gamble.
Dundalk, second Friday; James Kennedy.
Dunleer, second Tuesday ; Henry Garvey.
Louth, second Thursday; John Hawes.
Mell, Drogheda, second Wednesday; S. M’Loughlen.
Ravensdale, Flurrybridge, second Wednesday; William Locke.
Termonfeckin, second Wednesday; Geo. Edbrooke.
COUNTY GAOL, DUNDALK
Board of Superintendence meet on first Saturday in March, June,
September, and December: the Right Hon. the Earl of Roden ; Thomas Fortescue,
esq., J.P., ; Fred. J. Forster, esq. ; Graham Johnston, esq. ; James Wolfe
M’Neale, esq.; J.J. Bigger, esq., J.P.; Edward Tipping, esq., J.P.; John
Townley, esq., J.P. ; James O’Callaghan, esq., J.P.,; Thomas Coleman, esq.;
John George Coddington, esq.; and John Black, esq., J.P.
Inspector and Chaplain, Rev. J. H. Allpress.
R.C. Chaplain, Rev. Michael Keiran, P.P.
Presbyterian Chaplain, Rev. James Beatty.
Physician and Surgeon, E. G. Brunker, M.D., F.R.C.S.I.
Apothecary, Mr. Francis Scott.
Governor, Mr. Francis Lamb.
BRIDEWELL AND KEEPER
Ardee, William Armstrong.
COUNTY INFIRMARY, DUNDALK
Treasurer, Alexander Shekleton, esq.
Surgeon, Edward G. Brunker, M.D., F.R.C.S.I.
DISTRICT LUNATIC ASYLUM, NORTH GREAT BRUNSWICK
Manager, S. Wrigley, esq.
Physicians, John Mollan, M.D., and Richard Tuohill, M.D.
Surgeon, John Hughes, M.D.
MEDICAL OFFICER OF FEVER HOSPITAL
Drogheda (temporary), Richard Kelly, M.D.
MEDICAL OFFICERS OF DISPENSARIES
Ardee, Richard Montgomery, A.B., M.B., F.R.C.S.I.
Carlingford, Thomas Massey, M.D.
Castlebellingham, J. Trimble, M.D.
Collon, Edward P. MacLoghlin, M.R.C.S.I.
Dunleer, Joseph Carroll, L.R.C.S.I.
Louth, Chichester Carraher.
Philipstown, William Pollock, surgeon.
Ravensdale, J. Strong, A.B., M.B.,T.C.D.
Termonfeckin, John Drew.
POOR LAW UNION
THE ARDEE UNION is situated partly in
the county of Louth, and partly in the county of Meath ; it contains an area
of 96,159 statute acres, and a population of 43,563. The valuation
of property rated in the Union amounts to £93,397. There are 13 Electoral
Divisions, represented by 24 elected, and 24 ex-officio Guardians. The
Workhouse was opened in May, 1842, and affords accommodation for 983
inmates; there is 1 Auxiliary Workhouse, with accommodation for 200
inmates. The Board of Guardians meets on Tuesday.
Chairman, Thomas Lee Norman, esq.. Corballis, Ardee.
Vice-Chairman, Ths. W. Filgate, esq., Arthurstown, Ardee.
Deputy vice-Chairman, Wm. Ruxton, esq., Ardee House, Ardee.
Treasurer, Bank of Ireland, Dundalk.
Clerk and Returning Officer, Laurence Kearns.
Master and Matron, Thomas Callan and Isabella Callan.
Chaplains - Established Church, Rev. T. D. Logan. Roman
Catholic, Rev. John Levins.
Medical Officer, Edward M’Ardle.
THE DROGHEDA UNION is situated partly in
the county of Louth, and partly in the county of Meath; it contains an area
of 98,848 statute acres, and a population of 52,551. The valuation of
property rated in the Union amounts to £129,522. There are 12 Electoral
Divisions, represented by 25 elected, and 25 ex-officio Guardians. The
Workhouse was opened in December, 1841, and affords accommodation for 1,010
inmates. The Board of Guardians meets on Thursdays. For
Officers, see DROGHEDA, in Borough Directory.
THE DUNDALK UNION is situated partly in
the county of Louth, partly in the county of Armagh, and partly in the
county of Monaghan ; it contains an area of 104,226 statute acres, and a
population of 65,834. The valuation of property rated in the Union
amounts to £86,703. There are 19 Electoral Divisions, represented by 30
elected, and 16 ex-officio Guardians. The Workhouse was opened in March,
1842, and affords accommodation for 948 inmates. The board of Guardians
meets on Thursday. – For
Officers, see DUNDALK, in Borough Directory.
FAIRS IN THIS COUNTY
Annagassan, 17 March, 7 May, 22 July, 8 Nov.
Carlingford, 10 Oct., and first Saturday in each month.
Ardee, 1 Mar., 10 April, 6 June, 8 July, 20 Aug., 28 Sept., 23 Oct., 17 Dec.
Castlebellingham, 4 Feb., 19 May, Easter Tues., 24 June, 10 Oct., 13 Nov.,
Clougher, 21 Jan., 27 April, 5 June, 18 July, 29 Sept.
Collon, 10 May, 29 June, 20 Oct., 4 and 24 Nov.
Drogheda, 2nd Mon. in March, 2nd Fri. in April, 12
May, 22 June, 26 Aug., 29 Oct., 3rd Fri. in Nov., 3rd
Fri. in Dec.
Drumcashel, 19 May, 12 Oct.
Dunleer, 6 Jan., 1 Feb., 11 March, 1 April, 14 May, 9 June, 5 July, 11 Aug.,
19 Sept., 5 Oct., 1 Nov., 11 Dec.
Dundalk, 3rd Wed. in every month, with the exception of May, when
it will be held on the 17th as usual.
Lurgangreen, 21 May, 25 July, 11 Nov.
Mullaghcrew, 2 Feb., 17 & 25 March, Easter Mon., 1 May, 17 June, 26 July, 15
Aug., 8 Sept., 18 Oct., 16 Nov., 21 Dec.